Chemicals, Petrochemicals, Industrial Wastewaters, Municipal Wastewaters
Heating Applications – Evaporator (or Concentrator) Systems, Reboilers to handle high solids concentrations and solutions with both organic and inorganic fouling constituents; processes with polymerization fouling problems; Water / Wastewater Minimization Projects; landfill leachate concentration; Zero Discharge Projects.
Cooling Applications – Cooling Crystallization Processes; Production of slurry-ice with continuous de-icing of heat transfer surface; Cost-effective replacement of Scraped-Surface Exchangers. Wastewater De-Waxing.
Power Generation & Energy Recovery
Slurry-ice production for Gas Turbine Inlet Air-Cooling; Waste Heat Recovery Systems; Water / Wastewater Minimization Projects and Zero Discharge Projects involving severe fouling liquids.
Oil & Gas
Production – Hardness Reduction for steam-flooding operations and high temperature heating of saline waters for water-flooding operations in Enhanced Oil Recovery; non-fouling Sea Water Evaporators for offshore platforms. Proprietary process to resolve a major problem facing this industry.
Processing – Cost-effective replacement of Scraped-Surface Exchangers – as in Lube-Oil De-Waxing and Paraxylene Processing.
Pulp & Paper
Heating Applications – Black Liquor Heaters, White Water Heaters, High Solids Concentrators for Water / Wastewater Minimization or Zero Discharge Projects; Concentration of Bleach Plant Filtrate.
Cooling Applications – Waste Heat Recovery Systems involving liquids containing fibrous (fouling) materials; White Water Heat Recovery.
Mining, Minerals & Metals
Solution Mining of Potash; Fertilizer, Herbicide and Agricultural Chemicals Processing; Frasch Process Sulfur Mining; Bauxite Liquor Processing; Phosphoric Acid Concentrators.
Food & Beverages
Heating (where direct steam injection is now required to avoid fouling) or
Cooling (heat recovery) of liquids containing proteins as in fish meal processing, corn-starch processing, raw-juice processing and potato juice heating, concentrating for protein production. Slurry-ice production for juice preservation.
Desalination & Geothermal Energy
Pure Water Production from the high temperature Desalination of Sea Water or hard-scaling saline / brackish water sources; Heat / Energy recovery from hard-scaling geothermal brines (District Heating); Brine Concentrators.